India Flag Color Codes, RGB, Hex, CMYK, Meaning & History

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What are the colors of Indian flag?

The Indian flag, also known as the “Tiranga,” consists of three horizontal stripes of different colors. From top to bottom, the colors of the Indian flag are:

Saffron: The top band is saffron, which represents courage and sacrifice.

White: The middle band is white, symbolizing purity and truth.

Green: The bottom band is green, signifying growth and auspiciousness.

In the center of the white stripe, there is a navy blue Ashoka Chakra (wheel) with 24 spokes, which represents the wheel of law and governance. The Indian flag is a powerful symbol of the country’s unity, diversity, and its struggle for independence.

Indian Flag Important Information

Adopted22 July 1947
UseNational flag
Proportion2:3
Designed byPingali Venkayya
DesignA horizontal triband of Indian saffron, white, and Indian green charged with a navy blue Ashoka Chakra with 24 spokes in the center.

Indian Flag Image

India Flag Saffron Color Codes

Saffron Color
HexFF9933
RGB255, 153, 51
CMYK0, 49, 96, 0
Pantone1495
RAL1033

India Flag White Color Codes

White Color
HexFFFFFF
RGB255, 255, 255
CMYK0, 0, 0, 0
PantoneN. A.
RALN. A.

India Flag Green Color Codes

Green Color
Hex138808
RGB19, 136, 8
CMYK66, 0, 100, 9
Pantone362
RAL6037

India Flag Navy Blue Color Codes

Navy Blue Color
Hex000080
RGB0, 0, 128
CMYK99, 98, 0, 35
Pantone2755
RAL5002

What is the History and Meaning of Colors in the Indian Flag?

The Indian national flag also known as the “Tiranga” in Hindi, has a rich history and symbolism associated with its colors and design. The flag was adopted on July 22, 1947, shortly before India gained independence from British colonial rule on August 15, 1947. The flag’s design and colors hold deep significance in Indian history and culture :

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Saffron (Kesariya): The top band of the flag is saffron, which represents courage and sacrifice. Saffron is also associated with Hinduism and represents the country’s majority Hindu population.

White: The middle band is white, symbolizing purity, truth, and peace. It is meant to represent the minority religions and communities in India.

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Green: The bottom band is green, signifying growth, fertility, and auspiciousness. Green is also associated with Islam and represents the country’s Muslim population.

Dharma Chakra: In the center of the white band, there is a navy blue Ashoka Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel. This wheel, also known as the Dharma Chakra or Wheel of Law, represents the dynamic movement of life and was inspired by the Lion Capital of Ashoka, a famous ancient Indian sculpture. The Ashoka Chakra also represents the idea of righteousness and is a symbol of progress and the continuity of life.

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The flag’s design was the result of considerable debate and discussion among India’s leaders during the struggle for independence. The final design was chosen to reflect the unity of India’s diverse population, with each color representing different aspects of the country’s cultural and religious heritage.

The Indian national flag is a source of great pride and patriotism for the people of India and is flown with respect and honor at government buildings, schools, and during national events. It serves as a powerful symbol of India’s unity in diversity and its long history of struggle for freedom and independence.

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